Information for Authors
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At the first stage, authors are recommended to send. PDF file only. PDF, LaTeX, and MS Word formats are for final submission process. For LaTeX files images must be sent separately. Figures must be indicated by numbers, e.g. fig.1; fig.2, etc.
A possible list of referees, experts on the subject matter and not your colleagues, should be included with your submission.
We prefer standard Windows fonts easily convertible to PDF. Include figures in Word documents as pictures, JPEG or PNG, tables by word’s Table Editor, equations by using Design Science Math Type equation editor, and in LaTeX EPS format, for easy PDF conversion.
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Style and Notation
It is essential that notation be consistent and standardized so that all papers can be processed eﬃciently. This guide has been arranged so it can be used as a reference manual.
II. Style of A Manucsript
The basic parts of a manuscript are discussed below. Those parts which must be included in every manuscript are marked with an asterisk.
Titles are to be simple and concise. Begin the ﬁrst word with a capital letter; thereafter capitalize only proper or trade names and chemical symbols. The use of nonstandard abbreviations and acronyms is not allowed. Unnecessary words (a, on, an, the, etc.) at the beginning of the title should be dropped.
B. *Author(s) name(s)
It is preferable to use only one form of your name as an author in all of your publications.
C. *Author(s) aﬃliation(s)
Write out the names and postal addresses of all institutions in full. Include box numbers, apartment numbers, or street numbers only if necessary for eﬀective mail delivery. ZIP codes are required for U.S. addresses.
D. *Receipt date
The received date indicates the date the manuscript was received by the scientiﬁc editor. This date will be veriﬁed by the editor and will appear in the printed article.
An abstract should consist of one paragraph and be completely self-contained. It cannot contain numbered references. Any displayed equations and tabular materials are not allowed. Nonstandard symbols and abbreviations must be defined clearly.
F. *Physics and Astronomy Classiﬁcation Scheme (PACS) indexing codes
Manuscript must be assigned indexing codes, no more than four index number codes.
G. *Main body of the paper—
Of course, the body of the paper should be divided into sections by section headings and subheadings. However, headings may not always require. To ensure best fit of subject matter equations, tabular material, ﬁgures, and references should also follow a sequential numerical scheme.
1. Types of headings and section-head numbers
I. Principal Heading
Centered heading, all capital letters, preceded by a roman numeral and a period.
A. First subheading
Centered heading, ﬁrst word capitalized, preceded by a roman capital letter and a period.
1. Second subheading
Centered heading, ﬁrst word capitalized, all italic, preceded by an Arabic numeral and a period.
ﬁrst word capitalized, all italic, preceded by a lowercase letter or number in parentheses.
2. Reference, ﬁgure, and table numbering
All the references, ﬁgures, and tables must be cited consecutively in numerical order. Tables are with roman numerals (I, II, III, etc.).
Figures areArabic numerals (1, 2, 3, etc.) with (a), (b), (c), etc., e.g., Fig. 1(a).
3. Equation numbering
Equations may be numbered consecutively with Arabic numbers within parentheses [(1), (2), (3), etc.], and are placed to the extreme right of the equation.
The acknowledgment section precedes any appendixes. It would be one paragraph. Acknowledgment of ﬁnancial support will be included at the end. This will be a principal heading section, but without numbering.
Appendixes are placed after the acknowledgmentsand before the references. It will be a principal heading. An example appears below:
A: GIVE THE TITLE
B: GIVE THE TITLE
(more than one appendix, all must be titled).
The Equations are numbered likely to be [(A1), (A2), (A3),…….. (B1), (B2), (B3),….., (C1), (C2), (C3)……etc.]
J. *Footnotes and reference citations
Footnotes, always as superscripts, use these symbols: *, †, ‡, §, k, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡, §§, kk, ¶¶ or use lowercase letters a, b, c, etc.
2. Reference citations
Reference citations must be as follows: . J. M. Marlowe, R. Harris, C. Grace, and A. David, Sci. Rev. 1, 30, 2001.
. J. M. Scott, Sci. Rev. 26, 1, 2001; Nucl. Phys. A 12, 1, 2002. [Note that a semicolon is used between sources.]
. J. M. Scot, Sci. Rev. 26, 1, 2001; Nucl. Phys. A 19, 1, 2002; Phys. Lett. 20, 1, 2003.